From the fruit of oil palm tree can be extracted two different types of oils: from the pulp is extracted palm oil and from the almond is extracted kernel oil. Due to its low cost, it is one of the most used vegetable oils in the world and is present in a wide range of foods, cosmetics, hygiene products, etc.
Its high profitability is promoting the destruction of rainforests, with work regimes often close to slavery including child labor, workers using fire and large fires to clear the forest and causing peaks of greenhouse gas emissions and promoting global warming.
Millions of hectares of rainforest in Indonesia, Malaysia, Peru and Colombia (Amazon Forest) have been converted into oil palm plantations, killing many species of animals, and those who survived lose their habitats, to the point that there is a serious danger of extinction, especially for orangutans, elephants, rhinos and tigers.
In addition to serious environmental damages, a study by the European Food Safety Authority concluded that consumption of refined vegetable oil (especially palm oil) may increase the risk of cancer. Palm oil refining at temperatures over 200ºC leads to formation of contaminants (Glycidyl esters and 3- and 2-MCPD) that are toxic and potentially carcinogenic. Refining can be done at lower temperatures, however that increase the production time consumption and cost (about 20%), and not all companies want to support that costs.